Posted by Sponsored Post Posted on 19 April 2024

How Is the Software Testing Life Cycle Looks Like

The software testing life cycle is an essential aspect of software product development. It includes a chain of several stages and processes to ensure the quality and reliability of the program before it is released to the market. Using an intelligent testing lifecycle yields better results. But why is this so important, you may ask? It all comes down to one thing—customer satisfaction. After all, providing a quality and reliable product is a business’ crucial goal.

What is the software testing life cycle?

A life cycle is a sequence of stages through which an object changes form. In the software testing life cycle, software is the object. In simple terms, the testing life cycle is performing various activities during testing.

What stages does testing consist of?

To guarantee the reliability and corresponding accuracy of the product, it is necessary to test every module or program of the software. Of course, software testing is a challenging task; it requires effort and time. So, let’s take a look at the step-by-step software testing stages:

  • Requirements analysis;
  • Test planning;
  • Designing and developing test cases;
  • Setting up the test environment;
  • Executing the test;
  • Closing the test.

Sometimes, testing needs more organization. This includes several unresolved issues, undetected regression errors, or a module in the worst-case scenario.

Each step of the STLC stage has its specific task and, accordingly, a result. So, let’s consider the phases of the software testing life cycle.

  1. Requirements analysis

A thorough review and analysis of the existing specifications and requirements is required. This phase’s activities include discussions to analyze the requirements and define and prioritize the test requirements. If you take the wrong steps at this stage, it’s easy to predict in advance that further testing may go in the wrong direction. Find here the best testing specialists and get advice on how to properly prepare for tests.

During the requirements analysis phase, you need more specific details about the product and an overview of its ideal state. This stage should result in a detailed requirements report and an analysis of the possibility of test automation.

Another vital result of this phase is the so-called requirements traceability matrix. “Traceability” means tracing each commit in your code base back to its original requirements. When the software testing process begins, you can control the testing activities to the initial requirements.

  1. Test planning

The next step is test planning and the QA team creates this plan after analyzing all the necessary testing requirements. This means they define the scope and goals after a detailed review and understanding of the product. Then, the team analyzes all the risks, timelines and test environments to create the right strategy.

After that, the management finalizes all the details and assigns roles and responsibilities to individuals. This list also includes determining the schedule by which each module should be completed. The most crucial stage is the test plan, a document describing the testing process’s details. 

  1. Design and development of test cases

This step involves creativity. According to the defined test plan, testers design and develop test cases. The test cases should be created with detailed characteristics and cover almost all situations that arose in the process.

In general, you can prioritize these test cases by researching which ones are the most common or impact the product most. The next step is to verify and validate the defined requirements during the documentation phase. This stage also includes important characteristics: reviewing, updating, and approving automation scenarios and test cases. 

  1. Setting up the test environment

Several environmental factors are required to execute the test cases: servers, frameworks, hardware, and software. In addition, setting up the test environment and providing testers with the necessary tools to report bugs is essential. Therefore, your test environment must have access to all environments that a user may use. 

The final phase of this stage is a complete test environment management strategy. The QA manager directly manages the team and is responsible for setting up the test environment. 

  1. Conducting testing

The application is considered ready for testing after the test team has completed all the previous stages. After the development team eliminates all errors, regression testing begins. Regression testing is performed to verify the software or application after the bugs are fixed. Retesting the entire product after fixing a bug is recommended, as this may lead to a bug in another part of the product. Summarizing this stage, the testing results are the testing results that are necessary for verification and are transferred in a fully automated way. 

  1. Closing the test

The end of the test execution and delivery of the final product is called the test closure stage. The QA team reviews the test results and considers the following factors: product quality, test coverage, and project cost. If deviations are from the predicted expected values, further analysis is required to resolve the problem.

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