The regulator said most of the collisions happened after dark and involved lights on emergency vehicles such as ambulances and police cars, traffic cones or illuminated arrow boards. There have been 11 such crashes since the start of 2018, resulting in 17 injuries and one death.

In one case in California last month, a Tesla car sped through a road closure into an empty police car. In another crash in Michigan, a Tesla hit a police car with its emergency lights on after an officer had stopped to investigate a collision.

Tesla’s Model 3 was the UK’s best selling car in three separate months last year, and the company installs its Autopilot software on all new vehicles.

While it is described as a “driver assistance” system, requiring motorists to maintain ultimate control of a vehicle, the Autopilot system has been criticised for allowing reckless driving.

Read More: Investigation launched after Tesla cars crash into ambulances while on Autopilot