Do you want to live in Spain? If you’ve never moved abroad, the process can be overwhelming, and if you have, you know the burden that awaits you. But in this article we are going to explain how to apply for a temporary residence permit and how to become a resident in 2021.
The main requirement to obtain residency in Spain is to be a temporary resident for five uninterrupted years. Temporary residence in Spain means that you plan to stay more than 90 days, but less than five years. Even if you want to stay five years or more, you can only obtain permanent residence after five years of living and working in Spain.
For EU citizens
Community citizens do not need work permits or visas to enter, live, work or study in Spain. In fact, they are free to roam the country for three months without having to register with local authorities. The only thing they have to do if they want to work in Spain is to obtain a NIE or Foreigners Identity Number and register at the local municipal office, where they are living.
After being in the country for three months, it is mandatory to register as a temporary resident. The application process for a temporary residence permit is very simple for EU citizens. These are the documents you need:
- Valid passport or identification document.
- 2 copies of the official form ex-18, completed and signed.
- NIE (Foreigners Identity Number).
- Registration: you must have registered in the Municipal Register of the place where you reside, before requesting temporary residence.
Depending on your situation, there may be other requirements:
- Salaried workers: an employer contract or other proof of employment;
- Self-employed workers: proof of registration in the register of economic activities, or census of economic activities, or other proof of professional status;
- Students: registration at your school, proof of valid private or public health coverage in Spain, and a formal declaration that you have the means of subsistence.
- Pensioners: proof of valid health coverage in Spain.
- If you do not fall into any of these categories, you must present at least proof of valid health coverage in Spain and that you have sufficient means of subsistence to support yourself and your family.
If you do not fall into any of these categories, you must present at least proof of valid health coverage in Spain and that you have sufficient means of subsistence to support yourself and your family.
For non-EU citizens
A temporary residence permit is the same as a long-term visa. In the previous section we have already covered all work visas. If you are not eligible for any of the work visas, you will need a non-profit visa.
Non-profit residence visas
As a non-EU citizen, you will need a work and residence visa to work in Spain. When applying for the visa you must indicate the purpose of your stay, so that your application can be processed correctly.
Golden Visa (Residence for Investors)
The purchase of properties of more than 500,000 euros will grant you a golden visa, which will allow you to live in Spain. The documents required to apply for a golden visa are the same as for other visas. But there is an exception: You will have to present proof of purchase. Said proof can be the certification of the domains, the expenses of the Property Registry, as well as the deed of sale. You can find more information about investing in Spain on the website of the immigration office.
If you want to study, research or carry out another non-work activity in Spain, you must follow the same procedures to obtain a visa authorization and then apply for the visa.
On the government’s Immigration Portal, you can find all the information about the procedures to study, carry out a student exchange, volunteer work or other non-work activity in Spain.
You can also apply for a residence visa, which will not allow you to carry out any professional activity. You can find all the information about visas and residence permits on the official immigration website.
Residence without work
Living in Spain without working is possible. To do this, it is necessary to apply for a non-profit residence permit (residence without a work permit). One of the requirements is proof of sufficient financial means for you and your family members for the period of time you wish to stay, as well as full health coverage.
Spain’s medical tourism is booming. And it is not surprising, because the health system is one of the best in Europe. If you want to go to Spain for medical procedures, you do not need a special visa. Patients can travel on a regular tourist visa.